Transport is one of the fundamental pillars of sustainable development and prosperity of any country. Efficient transport systems and modern networks are a necessity for economic development, social welfare, the large-scale production, and environmental protection.In Algeria, the transport sector is experiencing a real change. A large number of projects were carried out, or are in course of realization, in order to make the sector more efficient and effective in its contribution to the economic development of the country.
The Algerian road network remains one of the densest of the African continent, its length is estimated at 112,696 km of roads, 29 280 km of which are highways and more than 4910 big structures (bridges, tunnels etc…). This network should be complemented by a large stretch of 1216 km, which is underway, which should eventually link the city of Annaba in the extrem East to the city of Tlemcen in the extreme West.
The Algerian road network is booming thanks to the modernization program of highways. We include the completion of the East-West Highway totalling 1216 km and the upcoming launch of construction works of the highway in the highlands of 1020 km
There is also the Trans-Saharan Highway (north-south), which was promoted by the government in order to increase trade between the six countries along this road (Algeria, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Tunisia).
The railway network of Algeria is of 2,150 km, it has recently experienced electrification at some sections, which should lead, shortly, the installation of high-speed trains that would connect the major cities of the country. The railway network is managed by the National Rail Transport (SNTF). The network has more than 200 stations covering mainly the North of the country:
Among railway projects that are underway, are included namely the electrification of 1,000 km of railways and the construction of 3,000 km of railways.
By 2014, the length of the rail network will be of 10 515 km.
Algeria has developed its air transport sector in order to make it a genuine vehicle for integration at regional and international levels. A budget of 60 billion dinars (600 million) will be devoted to renew the fleet of “Air Algerie” during the period 2013-2017. The national airline will soon acquire three new aircraft with a capacity of 150 seats and renew its three Boeing 767 currently in service. It is also expected the purchase of two cargo planes to transport goods. During the summer season, “Air Algerie” has recorded a growth rate of its total traffic of about 15%. In 2011, “Air Algerie” revenues were 56 billion dinars. Closer cooperation will empower Arab airlines to face strong competition that marks the global air transport.
Algeria has 35 airports, including 13 international ones. The most important is Algiers Airport with a capacity of more than 6 million passengers per year. Air Algérie is the national airline; it dominates the air transport market that counts, since its opening to competition, eight other private companies. It serves several lines to the Europe, Africa, Canada, China, the Middle East. Several foreign airlines have flights to Algeria namely: Tunis Air, Royal Air Morocco Air France, Air Italy, Aigle Azur, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, British Airways
The Algerian National Navigation Company (CNAN) and the National Shipping Company of travellers are involved in maritime transport in Algeria. Several ferry (ferry boat) liaise passengers to European shores as well as the transport of goods around the world.
The almost all of international trade is carried by sea, through eleven commercial ports as follows:Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Skikda, Arzew / Bethioua, Bejaia, Mostaganem, Ghazni, Jijel, Ténès and Dellys.
With the exception of oil and gas terminals, there was very little development works of port infrastructure facilities.
Metro of Algiers
Algeria saw the launch of the Algiers metro on October 31, 2011 with a length of 9 km and serving 10 stations. The latter will make of Algiers the first city of the Maghreb to be equipped with a subway. Its management is ensured by RATP El Djazaïr, subsidiary of Paris transport authority (RATP) for eight years with the Algiers Metro Company.
The Algiers Metro company has launched a tender for the national and international implementation of preliminary studies on an extensions of line 1 of the Algiers metro.
Algeria has also launched another important project in the 2010-2014 five-year plan, which is the Metro of Oran.
Within the framework of the five-year plan (2010-2014), Algeria has launched another plan for development and modernization of urban or intercity public transit, travelling on railways, the tramway.
The Algiers tramway is a transit system serving the agglomeration of Algiers. In 2012, it included a line of 16.2 kilometers and 28 stations and is expected to extend over 23 km and 38 stations.
Constantine tramway project is a transit serving the agglomeration of Constantine, it is underway of construction since 2008. The first technical tests of Constantine tramway were made in 2012, its route includes a line of 9 km and 10 stations.
The Oran tramway project is another transit system serving the metropolitan area of Oran whose construction began in late 2008, it will be the longest in the country with a total distance of 48 km. The first technical tests of Oran tramway were made in 2012.
Several cities in Algeria will be equipped with the tramway as Sidi Bel-Abbes, Batna, Ouargla, Mostaganem, Annaba and Sétif, it was recently proceeded to the development of engineering tramway projects in six cities and other appropriate studies will be initiated for tramway projects in eight other wilayas.
The sectorial strategy aims to increase the supply of transport to:
It is in this perspective that the Algerian state has defined programs in the transport sector for different periods (1999-2004, 2005-2009, 2010-2014).
In this respect a budget of $ 40 billion has been reserved for the transport sector within the five year program for 2010-2014:
Schools and Training Institutes:
There are 32 schools and training institutions in the transport sector, namely:
The number of registered projects at ANDI for the period 2002 to 2012 - 1st quarter 2012 - in the transport sector is 28 757 projects.
NUMBER OF PROJECTS
NOMBER OF JOBS
RANSPORT AND AUXILIARY OF TRANSPORT